Trousers or pants (American English) are an item of bottom wear clothing that might have originated in Central Asia, worn from the waist to the ankles, covering both legs separately (rather than with cloth extending across both legs as in robesskirts, and dresses).

In England, the word pants generally mean underwear and not trousers. Shorts are similar to trousers, but with legs that come down only to around the area of the knee, higher or lower depending on the style of the garment.

In most of Europe, trousers have been worn since ancient times and throughout the Medieval period, becoming the most common form of lower-body clothing for adult males in the modern world. Breeches were worn instead of trousers in early modern Europe by some men in higher classes of society. Distinctive formal trousers are traditionally worn with formal and semi-formal day attire. Since the mid-20th century, trousers have increasingly been worn by women as well.

Jeans, made of denim, are a form of trousers for casual wear widely worn all over the world by both sexes. Shorts are often preferred in hot weather or for some sports and also often by children and adolescents. Trousers are worn on the hips or waist and are often held up by buttons, elastic, a belt or suspenders (braces).

  • Trousers – Trouser is the most common garment for the lower body, which is worn from waist to ankle. The word trouser is rooted in Scotland where trousers were known as the trews. The trousers cover both legs separately.Trousers have many types according to the garment style and material used.

  • Jeans – Jeans are a type of pants or trousers, typically made from denim or dungaree cloth. Often the term “jeans” refers to a particular style of trousers, called “blue jeans”, which were invented by Jacob W. Davis.
  • Skirt – A skirt is the lower part of a dress/gown or a separate outer garment that covers a person from the waist downwards.At its simplest, a skirt can be a draped garment made out of a single piece of fabric (such as pareos). However, most skirts are fitted to the body at the waist or hips and fuller below, with the fullness introduced by means of darts, gores, pleats, or panels. Modern skirts are usually made of light to mid-weight fabrics, such as denim, jersey, worsted, or poplin.
  • Shorts – Shorts are a garment worn over the pelvic area, circling the waist and splitting to cover the upper part of the legs, sometimes extending down to the knees but not covering the entire length of the leg. They are called “shorts” because they are a shortened version of trousers, which cover the entire leg, but not the foot.
  • Palazzos – Palazzo pants (British English: palazzo trousers, Indian English: pantada) are long women’s trousers cut with a loose, extremely wide leg that flares out from the waist. Palazzo trousers are popular as a summer season style, as they are loose and tend to be flattering in light, flowing fabrics that are breathable in hot weather. Silk crepe/crapejersey, and other natural fibre textiles are popular fabrics for this design. Palazzo trousers are less frequently seen during the winter months, but they may be found in wool or heavy synthetic fabrics as fine.
  • Culottes – Culottes are an item of clothing worn on the lower half of the body. The term can refer to split skirts, historical men’s breeches, or women’s under-pants; this is an example of fashion-industry words taken from designs across history, languages and cultures, then being used to describe different garments, often creating confusion among historians and readers. 

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